We investigated the integration of transient liquid-assisted growth (TLAG) approach for epitaxial YBa2Cu3O7−x (YBCO) films by physical deposition methodologies (pulsed laser deposition (PLD)), as an additional opportunity for high-throughput growth of YBCO. As a prerequisite, highly flat and amorphous YBCO precursor films were deposited by PLD at temperatures below 400 °C on single-crystalline SrTiO3 (STO) and LaMnO3 (LMO)/STO, as well as industrial coated conductor architectures..
Contrary to TLAG based on chemical solution deposition, where BaCO3 elimination is a key factor for the YBCO growth, TLAG-PLD growth is controlled by the transformation of Ba–Cu–O (s) to a transient liquid. High-quality c-axis YBCO films were successfully grown on different substrates, as demonstrated by high-resolution x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. In-situ resistance measurements revealed that the growth rates around 1000 nm s−1 can be achieved, outperforming the capabilities of standard PLD growth of REBa2Cu3O7 films by few orders of magnitude. Experimental conditions such as temperature, oxygen partial pressure, and heating ramp, were optimized to obtain critical temperature (Tc) values up to 90 K. Critical current densities of 15 MA cm−2 at 5 K and 1.7 MA cm−2 at 77 K were obtained for YBCO films of 450 nm on LMO/STO.
Superconducting materials for emerging technologies
Transient liquid assisted growth of superconducting YBa2Cu3O7−x films based on pulsed laser deposition
Albert Queraltó, Max Sieger, Kapil Gupta, Alexander Meledin, Pedro Barusco, Lavinia Saltarelli, Mariona de Palau, Xavier Granados, Xavier Obradors and Teresa Puig